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Often times we are asked by fans or receive photos of Saltwater Fish asking for a fish identification. Here are the most common Saltwater Fish, focused on the Southern United States and the Gulf of Mexico. We plan on adding a list for the West Coast and Northeast Atlantic as well.

Did we miss a Saltwater Fish?  Suggest a Saltwater Fish here.

Click on the name to view a Wiki on each Saltwater Fish you find below to learn more.

Common name Scientific name Image Fresh
water
Salt
water
African pompano Alectis ciliaris African pompano Solomons 2.jpg   YesY
Alligator gar Atractosteus spatula Atractosteus spatula (Alligatorhecht).jpg YesY  
American Eel Anguilla rostrata American Eel.jpg YesY  
Atlantic angel shark Squatina dumeril Squatina dumeril nefsc.jpg   YesY
Atlantic bonito   Sarda sarda.jpg   YesY
Atlantic bumper   Chloroscombrus chrysurus.jpg   YesY
Atlantic croaker   Micropogonias undulatus (line art).jpg   YesY
Largehead hairtail   Trichiurus lepturus by OpenCage.jpg   YesY
Atlantic moonfish       YesY
Atlantic needlefish   Fish4485 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Atlantic sharpnose shark   Rhizoprionodon terraenovae nmfs.jpg   YesY
Atlantic silverside   Atlantic silverside.jpg   YesY
Atlantic spadefish   Atlantic Spadefish PLW edit.jpg   YesY
Atlantic stingray   Dasyatis sabina florida.jpg   YesY
Atlantic sturgeon   Atlantic sturgeon.jpg   YesY
Atlantic tarpon   Tarpon.jpg   YesY
Atlantic torpedo   Atlantic torpedo ( Torpedo nobiliana ).jpg   YesY
Balloonfish   Diodon holocanthus - pone.0010676.g200.png   YesY
Ballyhoo   Halfbeak Cuba.JPG   YesY
Banded butterflyfish   Chaetodon striatus Brasil.jpg   YesY
Banded cichlid Heros severus Heros severus.jpg YesY  
Bandtail puffer   Bandtail puffer.jpg   YesY
Bandtail searobin       YesY
Bank butterflyfish   Prognathodes aya.jpg   YesY
Bar jack   Bar jack portrait.jpg   YesY
Barbfish       YesY
Barred hamlet   Hypoplectrus puella.jpg   YesY
Basking shark   Cetorhinus maximus by greg skomal.JPG   YesY
Bearded brotula       YesY
Beaugregory   Stegastes leucostictus.jpg   YesY
Belted sandfish   Fish4454 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Bermuda chub       YesY
Bicolor damselfish       YesY
Bigeye scad   Fish4443 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Bigeye   Priacanthus cruentatus.jpg   YesY
Bigmouth sleeper       YesY
Black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Pomoxis nigromaculatus1.jpg YesY  
Black drum       YesY
Black durgon   Melichthys niger on Kona.jpg   YesY
Black grouper   Mycteroperca bonaci.jpg   YesY
Black jack   Black trevally.JPG   YesY
Black margate       YesY
Black seabass   Centropristis striata.png   YesY
Blackbar soldierfish       YesY
Blackcheek tonguefish       YesY
Blacktip shark   Carcharhinus limbatus - Caraibische zwartpunthaai.jpg   YesY
Blue angelfish       YesY
Blue chromis       YesY
Blue marlin   Atlantic blue marlin.jpg   YesY
Blue parrotfish       YesY
Blue runner   Blue runner.jpg   YesY
Blue shark   Prionace glauca 1.jpg   YesY
Blue striped grunt   Blue Stripe Grunt. Haemulon sciurus.jpg   YesY
Blue tang   Blue Tang.jpg   YesY
Bluefish   Pomatomus saltatrix.png   YesY
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Lepomis macrochirus UMFS 2014 2.JPG YesY  
Bluehead wrasse       YesY
Bluespotted cornetfish   Fistularia commersonii1.jpg   YesY
Bluntnose stingray   Dasyatis say botany bay.jpg   YesY
Bonefish   Bonefish.png   YesY
Bonnethead   Bonnethead shark.jpg   YesY
Bowfin Amia calva Amia calva1.jpg YesY  
Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus Ameiurus nebulosus.jpg YesY  
Brown chromis       YesY
Brown garden eel       YesY
Bucktooth parrotfish       YesY
Buffalo trunkfish       YesY
Bull shark   Bullshark Beqa Fiji 2007.jpg   YesY
Bullet mackerel   Auroc u0.png   YesY
Bullseye snakehead Channa marulius Channa marulius.jpg YesY  
Butter hamlet       YesY
Butterfish   Poronotus triacanthus.jpg   YesY
Caesar grunt       YesY
Cardinal soldierfish       YesY
Caribbean sharpnose-puffer   Canthigaster rostrata inflated SI.jpg   YesY
Cero mackerel   Screg u0.gif   YesY
Chain dogfish       YesY
Chain moray       YesY
Chalk bass       YesY
Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus Ictalurus punctatus.jpg YesY  
Checkered puffer       YesY
Cherub fish       YesY
Clearnose skate       YesY
Clown goby       YesY
Clown wrasse       YesY
Cobia   Rachycentron canadum.png   YesY
Cocoa damselfish   Cocoa damselfish.jpg   YesY
Collared eel       YesY
Colon goby       YesY
Common carp Cyprinus carpio Cyprinus carpio.jpeg YesY  
Conchfish       YesY
Coney   Cephalopholis fulva02.jpg   YesY
Cottonwick       YesY
Cownose ray   Rhinoptera bonasus Brest.jpg   YesY
Creole wrasse       YesY
Creole-fish       YesY
Crevalle Jack   Crevalle jack aquarium-profile.jpg   YesY
Cuban dogfish   Squalus cubensis eits.jpg   YesY
Cubbyu       YesY
Cubera snapper       YesY
Darter goby       YesY
Dash goby       YesY
Diamond blenny   Malacoctenus boehlkei (Diamond Blenny).jpg   YesY
Diamond killifish       YesY
Doctorfish   Doctor fish2.jpg   YesY
Dog snapper       YesY
Dolphinfish   Coryphaena hippurus.PNG   YesY
Dusky cardinalfish       YesY
Dusky damselfish Stegastes adustus     YesY
Dusky pipefish       YesY
Dusky squirrelfish       YesY
Dwarf frogfish       YesY
Dwarf goatfish       YesY
Dwarf herring       YesY
Eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki Gambusia holbrooki.png YesY  
Eyed flounder       YesY
False pilchard       YesY
Fat sleeper       YesY
Flagfish Jordanella floridae Jordanella floridae.jpg YesY  
Flamefish   Apogon maculatus.jpg   YesY
Flat needlefish   Needlefish.jpg   YesY
Flier Centrarchus macropterus Centrarchus macropterus (1).jpg YesY  
Florida Gar Lepisosteus platyrhincus Lepisosteus platyrhincus.JPG YesY  
Florida pompano   Pompano common.jpg   YesY
Flying gurnard   Flughahn.jpg   YesY
Foureye butterflyfish   Chaetodon capistratus1.jpg   YesY
Freckled cardinalfish       YesY
Freckled soapfish       YesY
French angelfish   Pomacanthus paru3.jpg   YesY
French grunt   Haemulon flavolineatum French grunt.jpg   YesY
Freshwater goby       YesY
Frillfin goby   Bathygobius soporator aka Frillfin Goby.jpg   YesY
Fringed filefish       YesY
Gafftopsail catfish   Bagre marinus (line art).jpg   YesY
Gag grouper   MycteropercaMicrolepis.jpg   YesY
Glasseye snapper       YesY
Glassy sweeper       YesY
Golden tilefish   Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps2.jpg   YesY
Goldentail moray   Goldentail Moray.jpg   YesY
Goldfish Carassius auratus Goldfish3.jpg YesY  
Goldline blenny       YesY
Goldspotted eel       YesY
Goliath grouper   Itajara.JPG   YesY
Grass carp Centropharyngodon idella Grass-Carp1web.jpg YesY  
Grass porgy       YesY
Gray angelfish   Gray angelfish.jpg   YesY
Gray snapper   Grey snapper - Lutjanus griseus.jpg   YesY
Graysby   Graysby3.jpg   YesY
Great barracuda   Barracuda laban.jpg   YesY
Great hammerhead   Sphyrna mokarran at georgia.jpg   YesY
Greater amberjack   Seriola dumerili by NPS 1.jpg   YesY
Greater soapfish       YesY
Green moray   GreenMorayEel.JPG   YesY
Gulf flounder   A Gulf flounder fish.jpg   YesY
Gulf killifish   Fundulus grandis.jpg   YesY
Gulf kingfish       YesY
Gulf pipefish       YesY
Gulf toadfish   Gulf toadfish aka Opsanus beta.jpg   YesY
Hairy blenny       YesY
Hardhead catfish   Arius felis.jpg   YesY
Harlequin bass       YesY
High-hat (fish)       YesY
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus).jpg YesY YesY
Hogfish   Hogfish.JPG   YesY
Horned searobin   Horned searobin ( Bellator militaris ).jpg   YesY
Horse-eye jack   Horse eye jack 1.jpg   YesY
Houndfish   Tylosurus crocodilus.jpg   YesY
Hovering goby       YesY
Indigo Hamlet   Indigo Hamlet.JPG   YesY
Inshore lizardfish   Fish4494 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Jack Dempsey (fish) Rochio octafasciata Cichlasoma octofasciata.jpg YesY  
Jack-knifefish   Equetus lanceolatus.jpg   YesY
Jaguar guapote Cichlasoma manguensis Parachromis managuensis 2012 G1.jpg YesY  
Jolthead porgy   Calamus bajonado.jpg   YesY
Key brotula       YesY
King mackerel   Scomberomorus cavalla.png   YesY
Knobbed porgy       YesY
Ladyfish   Ladyfish - NO Autoban Aquarium.jpg   YesY
Lancer dragonet       YesY
Lane snapper   Lutjanus synagris.jpg   YesY
Lantern bass       YesY
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Largemouth.JPG YesY  
Leatherjack   Oligoplites saurus.11B.jpg   YesY
Lemon shark   Lemonshark.JPG   YesY
Leopard goby       YesY
Lesser electric ray   Fish4345 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Lined seahorse   Lined Seahorse- Hippocampus erectus (6042886100).jpg   YesY
Little tunny   Euall u0.gif   YesY
Longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Lepomis megalotis2.jpg YesY  
Longfin damselfish       YesY
Longlure frogfish   6903 aquaimages.jpg   YesY
Longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Longnose gar, Boston Aquarium.JPG YesY  
Longsnout butterflyfish       YesY
Longspine squirrelfish   Holocentrus rufus.jpg   YesY
Lookdown   Lookdown25.jpg   YesY
Lyre goby       YesY
Mahogany snapper   Grey snapper - Lutjanus griseus.jpg   YesY
Mangrove snapper       YesY
Man-of-war fish   Nomeus gronovii (Man-of-war fish).gif   YesY
Manta ray   Manta birostris-Thailand4.jpg   YesY
Manytooth conger       YesY
Marbled grouper   Sanc0498 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Margate       YesY
Mayan cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalmus Mayan10a.jpg YesY  
Metallic lanternfish       YesY
Midas cichlid Amphilophus citrinellus Dählhölzli - Zitronen Buntbarsch 3.jpg YesY  
Midnight parrotfish   Midnight-parrotfish.png   YesY
Misty grouper       YesY
Molly miller   Scartella cristata 25-09-07 DSCF1035.jpg   YesY
Mottled jawfish       YesY
Mozambique Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus Oreochromis mossambicus.JPG YesY  
Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus Mummichog.jpg YesY  
Mutton hamlet   Lutjanus analis.jpg   YesY
Mutton snapper       YesY
Naked sole       YesY
Nassau grouper   NassauGrouper.jpg   YesY
Neon goby   Elacatinus evelynae.jpg   YesY
Night sergeant       YesY
Night shark   Carcharhinus signatus nmfs.jpg   YesY
Nurse shark   Nurse shark.jpg   YesY
Ocean sunfish   Sunfish2.jpg   YesY
Ocean surgeon   Ocean Surgeonfish (Acanthurus bahianus).jpg   YesY
Ocean triggerfish   XRF-Canthidermis maculata.png   YesY
Ocellated flounder       YesY
Ocellated frogfish   Frogfish ocellated.jpg   YesY
Orangespotted filefish       YesY
Orangespotted goby       YesY
Oyster toadfish   OysterToadfish.jpeg   YesY
Peacock bass Cichla osellaris ButterflyPeacockBass 01.jpg YesY  
Pigfish (Redmouth grunt)       YesY
Pinfish   Pinfish3.JPG   YesY
Porkfish   Anisotremus virginicus photo.jpg   YesY
Puddingwife wrasse   Halichoeres radiatus2.jpg   YesY
Queen angelfish   Holacanthus ciliaris 2.jpg   YesY
Queen triggerfish   4987 aquaimages.jpg   YesY
Red drum   Channelbass.jpg   YesY
Red grouper   Epinephelus morio.jpg   YesY
Red snapper   Lutjanus campechanus.png   YesY
Redear sunfish Lepomis microlophus Redearsunfishnctc.jpg YesY  
Redtail parrotfish       YesY
Rio Grande Cichlid Herichthys cyanoguttatum Herichthys cyanoguttatum (Rio Grande Cichlid).jpg YesY  
Round scad   Decapterus punctatus.jpg   YesY
Roundel skate   Fish4419 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg   YesY
Sailor’s grunt       YesY
Sand drum       YesY
Sand perch   Parapercis hexophtalma 1.jpg   YesY
Sand seatrout       YesY
Schoolmaster snapper   Lutjanus.JPG   YesY
Scrawled cowfish       YesY
Sergeant major (fish)   Abudefduf saxatilis.jpg   YesY
Sheepshead (Archosargus probatocephalus)   Abudefduf saxatilis.jpg   YesY
Silver mullet   Sheepshead.jpg YesY  
Slippery dick   Slippery Dick Wrasse - Halichoeres bivittatus.jpg   YesY
Smalltooth sawfish   Pristis pristis - Georgia Aquarium Jan 2006.jpg   YesY
Smooth dogfish   Mustelus canis noaa.jpg   YesY
Snook (Centropomidae)   Centropomus undecimalis1.jpg   YesY
Southern puffer       YesY
Southern stingray       YesY
Spanish hogfish   Bodianus rufus, Adult (Spanish Hogfish).jpg   YesY
Spanish mackerel   Screg u0.gif   YesY
Speckled seatrout   Spotted seatrout fish cynoscion nebulosus.jpg   YesY
Spottail pinfish   Spottail Pinfish fishing.jpg   YesY
Spotted eagle ray   Spotted Eagle Ray (Aetobatus narinari)2.jpg   YesY
Spotted gar Lepisopsteus oculatus Lepisosteus oculatus1.jpg YesY  
Spotted scorpionfish       YesY
Spotted tilapia Pelmatolapia mariae Tilapia123.JPG   YesY
Striped bass Morone saxatilis Morone saxatilis.png YesY YesY
Striped mullet   Mucep u0.gif   YesY
Tadpole madtom Noturus gyrinus Tadpole madtom.jpg YesY  
Tomtate       YesY
Tripletail   Lobotes surinamensis.jpg   YesY
Vermilion snapper   Vermilion snapper.jpg   YesY
Walking catfish Clarias batrachus Clarias batrachus.jpg YesY  
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus Chaenobryttus gulosus.jpg YesY  
Whale shark   Whale shark Georgia aquarium.jpg   YesY
White catfish Ictalurus catus   YesY  
White Grunt (fish)   White Grunt (5658507044).jpg   YesY
Yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Ameiurus natalis.jpg YesY  
Yellow jack   Yellow jack, florida.jpg   YesY
Yellowtail snapper   Yellowtail snapper seen from Underwater Tunnel Atlantis.jpg   YesY  
Common lionfish Pterois miles Common lionfish at Shaab El Erg reef (landscape crop).JPG   YesY  
Red lionfish Pterois voltians Pterois volitans Manado-e edit.jpg   YesY
         
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